The fourth window of the Greek Parliament is of great historical and political interest. So there, in front of this window, was written on September 3, 1843, one of the most important pages of modern political history.
The military commander, Colonel Dimitrios Kallergis, accompanied by members of the Athens Guard, with the tagline “Long Live the Constitution”, arrives on the large square of the palace (in its original form the Greek Parliament was the Royal Palace) demanding from King Othon I grant the Constitution for the first time in Greece.
Othon appeared in the 4th window of the palace and asked Kallergis what he was asking for. The king had no choice but to give in to the demands of the revolutionaries. It was the night that Greece was going from absolute, to constitutional monarchy. By royal decree September 3 was proclaimed a national celebration, while Dimitrios Kallergis was characterized as the leader of the revolutionary movement.
*Dimitrios Kallergis was born in Mylopotamos, Crete. He was one of the main protagonists of the Greek Revolution against the Turks.
*In the history of modern Greece, September 3rd has been linked to the founding of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) by Andreas Papandreou, a party that dominated the country’s political affairs.